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جافا سكريبت غير ممكن! ... الرجاء تفعيل الجافا سكريبت في متصفحك.

Has modern football become more dependent on flexibility and dynamism than fixed formations?

 Before every match, it is a well-known ritual for any supporter, analyst, player or manager to take a look at the formation of both teams and how they are playing, and there is discussion about the tactical battle between a team that plays 4-4-2 and another that plays 3-5 2, for example, but in modern times things have become more complicated and players no longer play according to a fixed plan. Instead, players take on individual roles as part of a carefully crafted and crafted plan.



All plans today have become hybrid and variable, and are no longer easy to define or describe using traditional methods. The arrangement of the players before the whistle no longer reflects what will happen in the next 90 minutes. Top-level soccer has become similar to American football, in that technical officials have specific plans for each stage of the game. Players will know where they need to be when their team is in possession in order to pass the ball to the most effective players in the final third of the field.

Chelsea's match against Tottenham in the second leg of the league championship was the best example I have seen recently of this fluidity and fluidity in the way of playing. I really liked what Chelsea did when they played with five players in defense: Reece James played on the right of three defenders, and Ruben Loftus-Cheek played on the right flank, acting as a full-back and winger. One of James' tasks was to watch Son Heung-min, and if the South Korean player moved towards midfield, James accompanied him, while his teammates covered the empty space behind him.

At other times, James would switch positions to be part of a three-man defensive line, and Loftus-Cheek would play in the right-back position, and sometimes these roles were reversed, and on other occasions, James played as a defender. point of support or as a right back. So James and Loftus-Cheek were filling three or four roles in one job, and these are the multi-faceted aspects of modern football.

The Chelsea women's team, managed by Emma Hayes, plays with the same philosophy. Recently, against Liverpool, Chelsea played very flexible in terms of movement and positional changes between players, and we sometimes saw the midfielders playing on the left, and the attackers being at left back. There were a lot of position changes, and sometimes it was too much. Perhaps this was an experiment to see how different schemes could be played throughout the season, especially since it was both teams' first game and they were trying to play each other. get used to the levels of flexibility required.

Teams often defend with four or five players and attack with five or six players. We saw this a lot under Pep Guardiola at Manchester City, where the Spanish coach used to ask the full-backs to go deep upfield, and now we see both full-backs coming into midfield , to increase offensive efficiency, which allows the team to attack with six players. In fact, a player like Kevin De Bruyne cannot be classified as playing in just one position, because the Belgian star plays where he can make the difference and have the biggest impact possible. It is therefore impossible to determine its exact role within the green rectangle. He knows exactly where to move to make the most of his incredible abilities, whether width or depth, and his flexible playing style allows him to move to the right places at the best times.

These are complex theories in football, and it takes a lot of training for players to understand what is expected of them.

The best managers can simplify things so players understand. And if you watch the recent Arsenal documentary, you will know how Gunners manager Mikel Arteta helps his players understand tactical instructions with his clear drawings and explanations. Granit Xhaka is clearly playing an advanced role on the pitch for Arsenal this season, and there is another player covering the space behind him.

People think Xhaka is a midfielder with defensive abilities, but now he moves differently and plays more offensively than we have been used to in recent years.

If you look at the heat map of his movements on the pitch, you will see that he moves forward more, given that Arsenal play with four players in the back line, but when the team has possession of the ball, the way of playing changes rely on three defenders, and Oleksandr Zinchenko or Ben White move to the backline in the middle, allowing Xhaka to advance into advanced areas. Occasionally both full-backs move, with Thomas Partey dropping into cover and playing as a third defender. In fact, players need to be very mentally strong and tactically intelligent to do the job asked of them, and their understanding of the roles they need to play is very important for any team.

One of the reasons for these apparent changes in tactics is the increasing – and extensive – use of numbers and statistics. There is an incredible amount of information available to managers, supported by teams of analysts who can help them get the most out of these statistics. As players' fitness improves, tactical coaches and data analysts can do different things by making the most of player statistics and heat maps.

Technical managers identify weaknesses in competing teams and try to exploit them by assigning additional roles to one of the players. For example, if there is a weak spot on the opposing team's right flank, it could be crucial to bring in an additional player to fill a specific role in that area. Everything now depends on statistics: the speed at which players run, the number of passes they make, the rate of correct passes, the number of fouls, shots and saves. No technical manager can now do without these statistics. Football has become a dynamic environment that is constantly adapting and evolving for the better, and tactical plans are no longer limited to fixed formations. The best industries use research to improve and evolve, and football does this by using statistics to make the most of your strengths and the weaknesses of others.

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